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I have a USB modem that is identified in Linux (Ubuntu 12.04) with lsusb as

Bus 001 Device 003: ID 0572:1329 Conexant Systems (Rockwell), Inc.

How to talk to that device (e.g. with microcom etc?)? What dev device should I use? There is no /dev/ttyUSBXXX available and just one /dev/ttyACM0.

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5 Answers

up vote 1 down vote accepted

If by talk you mean send AT commands in the form

echo "ATi" > /dev/usbDev

try this: http://brunomgalmeida.wordpress.com/2012/04/06/send-at-commands-to-usb-modem/

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Welcome to Ask Ubuntu! Whilst this may theoretically answer the question, it would be preferable to include the essential parts of the answer here, and provide the link for reference. Link-only answers can become invalid if the linked page changes. –  Peachy Sep 30 '12 at 13:22
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You can use cu.

$ sudo apt-get install cu

You can connect to your modem with:

$ cu -l ttyACM0

(with: ttyACM0 being the device /dev/ttyACM0) You should get a response:

connected

At this point you can use any of the standard AT commands such as to test dialing:

ATDT 123-456-7890

You should have your userid set to the group dialout for permission to access the modem.

You can exit the cu application with "~." (tilde dot).

You can find other Hayese commands at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hayes_command_set

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I believe the answer you're looking for is here: Using a USB winmodem with a Conexant driver in (K)Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric).

Important stuff (extracted from the site):

When I plugged a Conexant modem, I executed

lsusb

and it said:

[...]

Bus 006 Device 002: ID 0572:1300 Conexant Systems (Rockwell), Inc. SoftK56 Data Fax Voice CARP

[...]

so I knew that the HSF modem was recognized by the system.

As I had a previous internet connection, I upgraded the system

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

I checked that I had no previous Conexant drivers installed. For example: I executed

ls /usr/sbin/hsfconfig

and it said that that file did not exist; if it existed I would have thought that something was still installed.

I made sure that I had "gcc" and "make" ready, executing

sudo apt-get install gcc make

Then I executed those steps told there:

sudo -s
cd /lib/modules/$(uname -r)/build/include/linux
ln -s ../generated/utsrelease.h
ln -s ../generated/autoconf.h
exit

I prepared the files for the driver compilation, executing

mkdir ~/conexant_modem
cd ~/conexant_modem

and if I had a 64-bit operating system I executed

wget http://linux.dell.com/files/ubuntu/hardy/modem-drivers/hsf/hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem.tar.gz
tar xzf hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem.tar.gz
wget http://www.bargweb.net/images/2009/november/hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
unzip hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
cp -a hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition/modules/imported/include/framewrk.h hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem/modules/imported/include/framewrk.h
cp -a hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition/modules/imported/include/osservices.h hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem/modules/imported/include/osservices.h

else, if I had a 32-bit operating system I executed

wget http://linux.dell.com/files/ubuntu/hardy/modem-drivers/hsf/hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem.tar.gz
tar xzf hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem.tar.gz
wget http://www.bargweb.net/images/2009/november/hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
unzip hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
cp -a hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition/modules/imported/include/framewrk.h hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem/modules/imported/include/framewrk.h
cp -a hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition/modules/imported/include/osservices.h hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem/modules/imported/include/osservices.h
A note for the curious ones: those "framewrk.h" and "osservices.h" files were the different ones between the directories "hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem/modules/imported" and "hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition/modules/imported".

If I had a 64-bit operating system I executed

wget http://www.linuxant.com/drivers/hsf/full/archive/hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full/hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full.tar.gz

else, if I had a 32-bit operating system I executed

wget http://www.linuxant.com/drivers/hsf/full/archive/hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full/hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full.tar.gz

A note for the curious ones: that file was the newest one in http://www.linuxant.com/drivers/hsf/full/downloads.php

And then, if I had a 64-bit operating system I executed

tar xzf hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full.tar.gz
rm -r hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full/modules/imported
cp -R hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem/modules/imported hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full/modules/
cp -R hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem/modules/imported hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full/modules/

else, if I had a 32-bit operating system I executed

tar xzf hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full.tar.gz
rm -r hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full/modules/imported
cp -R hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem/modules/imported hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full/modules/
cp -R hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem/modules/imported hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full/modules/

The next step was to clean the present directory.

If I had a 64-bit operating system I executed

rm -rf hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem
rm -rf hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition
rm hsfmodem-7.68.00.09x86_64oem.tar.gz
rm hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
rm hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full.tar.gz

else, if I had a 32-bit operating system I executed

rm -rf hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem
rm -rf hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition
rm hsfmodem-7.68.00.09oem.tar.gz
rm hsfmodem-7.80.02.05-DiacoEdition.zip
rm hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full.tar.gz

Then I had to change some files to adapt them to work with the 3.0.0 version of the Linux kernel. If I had a 64-bit operating system I executed

cd hsfmodem-7.80.02.06x86_64full
xdg-open modules/GPL/serial_cnxt.c

else, if I had a 32-bit operating system I executed

cd hsfmodem-7.80.02.06full
xdg-open modules/GPL/serial_cnxt.c

and then a text editor was launched. I searched for the string

#ifndef FOUND_UART_REGISTER_PORT

and below I found the string

static DECLARE_MUTEX(cnxt_port_sem);

I deleted that last string, and wrote there

static DEFINE_SEMAPHORE(cnxt_port_sem);

and I saved and closed that file. I executed

xdg-open modules/osdiag.c

and then a text editor was launched. I searched for the string

THIS_MODULE,

and below I found the string

.ioctl    = diag_ioctl,

I deleted that string, and wrote there

.compat_ioctl = diag_ioctl,

and I saved and closed that file. I executed

xdg-open modules/osnvm.c

and then a text editor was launched. I searched for the string

static LIST_HEAD(nvm_newinst_list);

and below I found the string

static DECLARE_MUTEX(nvmelem_writelist_sem);

I deleted that last string, and wrote there

static DEFINE_SEMAPHORE(nvmelem_writelist_sem);

and I saved and closed that file.

A note for the curious ones: the source of those changes in those files was http://www.openmamba.org/showfile.ht...l-2.6.37.patch

The user named Chiaseth helped telling those steps that I followed, this way:

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/osservices.c

and then a text editor was launched. I searched for the string

#include <linux/smp_lock.h>

and I deleted that string, and wrote there

#include <linux/mutex.h>
DEFINE_MUTEX(os_mutex);  // Define a mutex

In that file I searched for the strings

unlock_kernel()

replacing all of them with

mutex_unlock(&os_mutex)

Also, in that file I searched for the strings

lock_kernel()

replacing all of them with

mutex_lock(&os_mutex)

and I saved and closed that file.

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/osdcp.c

In that file I searched for the string

static spinlock_t dcp_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

replacing it with

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(dcp_lock);

and I saved and closed that file.

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/osdiag.c

In that file I searched for the string

static spinlock_t diag_lock = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

replacing it with

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(diag_lock);

and I saved and closed that file.

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/osfloat.c

In that file I searched for the string

static spinlock_t fpstates_lock __attribute__((unused)) = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

replacing it with

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(fpstates_lock);

and I saved and closed that file.

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/osservices.c

In that file I searched for the string

static spinlock_t atomic_lock __attribute__((unused)) = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

replacing it with

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(atomic_lock);

and I saved and closed that file.

  1. I executed

    xdg-open modules/GPL/oscompat.h

In that file I searched for the string

static spinlock_t tqueue_lock __attribute__((unused)) = SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;

replacing it with

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(tqueue_lock);

and I saved and closed that file.

Finally... If executed

sudo make install
sudo hsfconfig

It asked "Where is the linux source build directory that matches your running kernel?", then I simply pressed the return key to accept the default answer. I also accepted the default answer in other questions.

Finally the command reported that

The /dev/modem alias (symlink) points to ttySHSF0

I executed

dmesg

and at the end I saw

[59190.782005] hsfengine: module license 'see LICENSE file distributed with driver' taints kernel.
[59190.782011] Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint
[59192.564398] ttySHSF0 at MMIO 0x0 (irq = 0) is a Conexant HSF softmodem (USB-0572:1300)
[59192.600274] usbcore: registered new interface driver hsfusbcd2
[59194.416241] usbcore: deregistering interface driver hsfusbcd2
[59194.600064] usb 6-1: reset full speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 2
[59194.811746] cnxthsf_DcpDestroy: units still active, waiting..
[59194.811764] cnxthsf_DcpDestroy: units still active, waiting..
[59194.811778] cnxthsf_DcpDestroy: units still active, waiting..
[59196.967466] ttySHSF0 at MMIO 0x0 (irq = 0) is a Conexant HSF softmodem (USB-0572:1300)
[59196.994150] usbcore: registered new interface driver hsfusbcd2

which meant, among other things, that the USB modem was detected at /dev/ttySHSF0.

Note: as they said in https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Di...Howto/Conexant: "do not delete or move the source tree [in our case: ~/conexant_modem] from your system after these steps, it will be required to uninstall and patch the driver."

I launched kppp (for example) and configured a new "connection", specifying that the modem was at /dev/ttySHSF0. You could also use a program like efax-gtk to send faxes through the modem.

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There are two software I know of you can use to send AT(Attention) commands to your modem one is Serial port terminal and other one is Cutecom.

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  1. Ensure that your USB modem is properly inserted into any available USB port on your Ubuntu computer.

  2. Click the network icon and select Edit connections. This will launch Ubuntu's networking management utility.

  3. Select the name of the USB modem from the list of available connections, then click Properties.

  4. Click Enable this Connection to tell Ubuntu that you want to use this device to connect to Internet networks.

  5. Click OK. Your USB modem will now be properly connected to and configured in Ubuntu, and you can now use it to connect to the Internet.

Source of tutorial here

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