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I am installing many applications -both from terminal line ubuntu software centre. But I am unable to find out where those files are getting saved.Pls help me out

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In the folder /usr/share/applications/ you can find all the .desktop files those are just the applications icons, –  blade19899 Sep 25 '12 at 9:40
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5 Answers 5

You can use xfce4-appfinder or Beagle.

Below is an explanation of the Linux directory structure, and what everyone is used for. Hope that it helps.

In the Linux operating system, all filesystems are contained within one directory hierarchy. The root directory is the top level directory, and all its subdirectories make up the directory hierarchy. This differs to other operating systems such as MS-Windows which applies a separate hierarchy for each device and partition.

/bin -- binary applications (most of your executable files)

/boot -- files required to boot (such as the kernel, etc)

/dev -- your devices (everything from drives to displays)

/etc -- just about every configuration file for your system

/etc/profile.d -- contains scripts that are run by /etc/profile upon login.

/etc/rc.d -- contains a number of shell scripts that are run on bootup at different run levels. There is also typically an rc.inet1 script to set up networking (in Slackwar), an rc.modules script to load modular device drivers, and an rc.local script that can be edited to run commands desired by the administrator, along the lines of autoexec.bat in DOS.

/etc/rc.d/init.d -- contains most of the initialization scripts themselves on an rpm-based system.

/etc/rc.d/rc*.d -- where "*" is a number corresponding to the default run level. Contains files for services to be started and stopped at that run level. On rpm-based systems, these files are symbolic links to the initialization scripts themselves, which are in /etc/rc.d/init.d.

/etc/skel -- directory containing several example or skeleton initialization shells. Often contains subdirectories and files used to populate a new user's home directory.

/etc/X11 -- configuration files for the X Window system

/home -- locally stored user files and folders

/lib -- system libraries (similar to Program Files)

/lost+found -- lost and found for lost files

/media -- mounted (or loaded) devices such as cdroms, digital cameras, etc.

/mnt -- mounted file systems

/opt -- location for “optionally” installed programs

/proc -- dynamic directory including information about and listing of processes

/root -- “home” folder for the root user

/sbin -- system-only binaries (see /bin)

/sys -- contains information about the system

/tmp -- temporary files

/usr -- applications mainly for regular users

/var -- mainly logs, databases, etc.

/usr/local/bin -- the place to put your own programs. They will not be overwritten with upgrades.

/usr/share/doc -- documentation.1

1Source:Linux or Ubuntu Directory structure

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You can get the list of files installed by a package by using:

dpkg -L <package_name>
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If you install the browser chromium for example with sudo apt-get install chromium-browser. You can see the installed files from the chromium-browser package with dpkg -L chromium-browser.

See: Linux or ubuntu Directory structure

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And finally, another possibility is Synaptic. Once a package is installed, you can click on the "installed Files" tab (in the list of tabs that contain package description etc.)

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You can use this command in terminal:

whereis NAME

For example:

whereis firefox
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