You can make .deb packages, where if there are dependecies involved, they can be specified, just like a .deb package you normally install.
Making a package is nothing so simple that one could teach you here in 1 or 2 commands, you need to read something about this, so i recommend you read this:
Basic info from that site:
Starting a Package
bzr-builddeb includes a plugin to create a new package from a
template. The plugin is a wrapper around the dh_make command. You
should already have these if you installed packaging-dev Run the
command providing the package name, version number, and path to the
$ sudo apt-get install dh-make
$ cd ..
$ bzr dh-make hello 2.7 hello-2.7.tar.gz
When it asks what type of package type s for single binary. This will
import the code into a branch and add the debian/ packaging directory.
Have a look at the contents. Most of the files it adds are only needed
for specialist packages (such as Emacs modules) so you can start by
removing the optional example files:
$ cd hello/debian
$ rm *ex *EX
You should now customise each of the files.
In debian/changelog change the version number to an Ubuntu version:
2.7-0ubuntu1 (upstream version 2.7, Debian version 0, Ubuntu version 1). Also change unstable to the current development Ubuntu release
such as precise.
Much of the package building work is done by a series of scripts
called debhelper. The exact behaviour of debhelper changes with new
major versions, the compat file instructs debhelper which version to
act as. You will generally want to set this to the most recent version
which is 8.
control contains all the metadata of the package. The first paragraph
describes the source package. The second and and following paragraphs
describe the binary packages to be built. We will need to add the
packages needed to compile the application to Build-Depends:. For
hello, make sure that it includes at least:
Build-Depends: debhelper (>= 8.0.0) You will also need to fill in a
description of the program in the Description: field.
copyright needs to be filled in to follow the licence of the upstream
source. According to the hello/COPYING file this is GNU GPL 3 or
docs contains any upstream documentation files you think should be
included in the final package.
README.source and README.Debian are only needed if your package has
any non-standard features, we don’t so you can delete them.
source/format can be left as is, this describes the version format of
the source package and should be 3.0 (quilt).
rules is the most complex file. This is a Makefile which compiles the
code and turns it into a binary package. Fortunately most of the work
is automatically done these days by debhelper 7 so the universal %
Makefile target just runs the dh script which will run everything
All of these file are explained in more detail in the overview of the
debian directory article.
Finally commit the code to your packaging branch:
$ bzr commit -m "Initial commit of Debian packaging."
Building the package
Now we need to check that our packaging successfully compiles the
package and builds the .deb binary package:
$ bzr builddeb -- -us -uc
$ cd ../../
bzr builddeb is a command to build the package in its current
location. The -us -uc tell it there is not need to GPG sign the
compile. The result will be placed in ...
You can view the contents of the package with:
$ lesspipe hello_2.7-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb
Install the package and check it works:
$ sudo dpkg --install hello_2.7-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb
Even if it builds the .deb binary package, your packaging may have
bugs. Many errors can be automatically detected by our tool lintian
which can be run on both the source .dsc metadata file and the .deb
$ lintian hello_2.7-0ubuntu1.dsc
$ lintian hello_2.7-0ubuntu1_amd64.deb
A description of each of the problems it reports can be found on the
After making a fix to the packaging you can rebuild using -nc “no
clean” without having to build from scratch:
$ bzr builddeb -- -nc
Having checked that the package builds locally you should ensure it
builds on a clean system using pbuilder. If you haven’t set up
pbuilder-dist yet, do so now:
$ bzr builddeb -S
$ cd ../build-area
$ pbuilder-dist precise build hello_2.7-0ubuntu1.dsc
When you are happy with your package you will want others to review
it. You can upload the branch to Launchpad for review:
$ bzr push lp:~<lp-username>/+junk/hello-package
Uploading it to a PPA (Personal Package Archive) will ensure it builds
and give an easy way for you and others to test the binary packages.
You will need to set up a PPA in Launchad then upload with dput:
$ dput ppa:<lp-username> hello_2.7-0ubuntu1.changes