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I am a new user of Ubuntu 12.04.
I am installing the windows XP and Ubuntu using both operating systems.
From the start my desktop does not show the grub menu.
Please guide me with step by step instructions.
Thanking you.

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Could you add some more details - Does your PC boot straight to Ubuntu without showing grub? Or does it boot straight to XP without showing grub? Are there any errors or messages displayed? What are your PC and Monitor specs? –  Fernhill Linux Project Aug 30 '12 at 15:55
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4 Answers 4

Hold down the shift key during the boot process this will give you the menu on a one off basis.

You can also modify /etc/default/grub comment out the line by adding a # to the start like:

# GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0

This will cause the grub menu to be displayed for the number of seconds in GRUB_TIMEOUT before selecting the default and booting that.

If you have modified this file then you need to run update-grub for it to take effect. This will automatically be run eacgh time a new kernel is installed by sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

sudo update-grub
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I assume you tried to install windows XP after Ubuntu installation.Windows loader will replace GRUB loader. so you need to reinstall GRUB.Provided you have not formatted Ubuntu filesystem, while installing Windows XP.

Reinstalling GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) :

  1. Boot your system with UBUNTU live dvd/cd*.
  2. Mount the partition in which UBUNTU was installed before i.e. the root partition (old).now it’s like any other normal partition.
  3. After you mounted the partition,which has folders like boot, home, root, usr, bin, tmp. Find the mount point of root partition.It will be in /media (example: /media/disk1 or /media/234efsdfgg5dg435gh) and the device name, default name is /dev/sda .If you have more than one HD, You can find that by typing this command in terminal (applications->accessories ->terminal )“sudo blkid”. It shows all the partitions with its device name, UUID and etc.. Take only /dev/sda or /dev/sdb.
  4. Final step is to open terminal and type this command:

    sudo<space> grub-install<space> --root-directory=/media/<mount name> <space><device name>
    

    Example : sudo grub-install --root-directory=/media/disk1 /dev/sda And continue…. That’s all . Restart, you will have boot menu showing both OS.

*choosing which cd/dvd is important because grub versions are different.Best is to use the same version live cd/dvd.use your ubuntu 12.04 live cd.

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Windows will over-write the boot sector during install and thereby kill Grub. Which means, always install windows first, and then Ubuntu for a dual boot setup.

Else : There are various things that can go wrong with a boot menu of any sort. We will need more information to go on before we can begin to assist.

Something is perturbing me about the way you've worded your question. You say "From the start my desktop does not show the grub menu." What do you mean by "Desktop"?

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I have encountered a similar problem previously, a blank screen after bios until the Ubuntu login screen appeared, using an older LCD monitor. The monitor displayed "frequency out of range".

You can test to see if this is the case by tapping the "down arrow" key for at least 15 seconds after the bios screen and then pressing "enter".
If Windows loads then grub is working fine, but not being displayed.

This can be resolved by using the 'out-of-range' option in the advanced section of boot repair or editing grub manually.

According to lines 346 to 348 of the boot info script grub should be displayed.

#GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0
GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10

So using the command gksu gedit /etc/default/grub and uncommenting / removing the #hash from what appears as line 364 in the boot info script as #GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480 should work.
After saving the changes you will need to run sudo update-grub

Have a look at the answers to this question for instructions on using both methods.

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