Which partitioning algorithms use ubuntu during the installation, is it also available as a standalone application or command? Is it gparted?
The ubuntu installer uses
GParted and its equivalents are merely front-ends to the linux partitioning tool kit. The Ubuntu installer is the same. It's a layer on top of parted and it executes it in the background, providing an easy to use abstraction of the plumbing behind it. The installer uses other programs, like