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I can navigate my files quite fast through terminal. Faster than double clicking... open... look, double click... etc.

How do I open a directory in the Ubuntu GUI? For example:

cd projects
{some cmd} client_project

Then voila, it opens in the Ubuntu GUI as if i navigated manually?

Also, how can I open a URL in my default browser via terminal. It'd be awesome to go: F12


And Chrome opens it up.

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up vote 27 down vote accepted

To Open Directory:

  • To open a Folder from terminal type the following,
    nautilus /path/to/that/folder
    xdg-open /path/to/the/folder
    nautilus /home/karthick/Music
    xdg-open /home/karthick/Music
  • Simply typing nautilus will take you file browser,

To Open URL:


  • Linux is case sensitive,so type the file name correctly.
  • You can also add an alias to short the command,for example if you need openurl instead of x-www-browser you should edit the .bashrc file
    sudo gedit ~/.bashrc
  • In the bottom of the file add the following lines,
    alias openurl="x-www-browser" alt text
  • Save and close the file.
  • Now you can open URL'S by typing,
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xdg-open works for directrories and other files, too – Florian Diesch Dec 12 '10 at 13:33
@FlorianDiesch forgot to include that,thanks for remembering :) – karthick87 Dec 12 '10 at 13:37
It's worth pointing out more gernerally that xdg-open should have the same result as clicking on any file in a folder or on your desktop. It should open your file/folder/url with the default application to handle that file type. I have it aliased as go in my ~/.bashrc – andrewsomething Dec 12 '10 at 18:59
Awesome, thanks a lot. I installed Komodo and it set up komodo somefile.html to open files but i didn't see it in the bashrc file. Where else could it be and could I change it to edit somefile.html but opens in Komodo as if i typed komodo? – Oscar Godson Dec 12 '10 at 21:39
Well, there's already a /usr/bin/edit, so I'd choose something else, but anyways... In ~/.bashrc add a line that says alias edit='komodo' – andrewsomething Dec 12 '10 at 22:43

Instead of typing all the quotes etc. one could use:

nautilus .

Works with directories containing spaces in their names.

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You can just call the aplication. Both Nautilus and Chrome accept path (url) as parameter.

nautilus /directory/subdirectory/subsubdirectory


cd /directory/subdirectory/subsubdirectory and then nautilus . (the dot is important -- it says to Nautilus to open the current directory)



x-www-browser -- this command calls the browser set as default (so if your default browser is Chrome, it will open Chrome)

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how would one add a shorter command that does x-www-browser? i.e. openurl – Oscar Godson Dec 12 '10 at 10:32
You can create an alias. Just add alias open="x-www-browser" to ~/.bashrc file – Vojtech Trefny Dec 12 '10 at 10:41

Nope, the above answers are OK, but this is what I think you are looking for:

nautilus `pwd`

xdg-open `pwd`

I was just experimenting today, and it worked. Isn't it fabulous?

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I would suggest using "$(pwd)" because: 1. backticks are considered old-style and 2. directory name may contain spaces. – Andrea Corbellini Aug 22 '13 at 11:54
@AndreaCorbellini Yup, I agree. Will modify answer later. – Pratik Bothra Aug 22 '13 at 18:01

The easy way is to paste the url file in the address box of Firefox, at least, haven't tried other browsers, and when you hit enter Firefox shows the real address of the url. Paste that in the address box. Works for me

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