(Tested on Xubuntu 12.04, but with the ppas for Xfce 4.10 and 4.12 installed; however this will work from Xfce 4.8 onwards (default 12.04 version))
You can either run
awesome as the window manager in an Xubuntu or Xfce session (which I think is what you want), or run it from its own
awesome session (once installed that becomes an option in
awesome from the repositories with
sudo apt-get install awesome
Now, if you want to run
awesome as window manager in an Xfce or Xubuntu session, you can edit the relevant xfconf setting with:
xfconf-query -c xfce4-session -p /sessions/Failsafe/Client0_Command -t string -s "awesome" -a
This command changes the default window manager in the Xfce session to the
awesome window manager. With other window managers such as
metacity, you would instead use
-t string -s "metacity" -t string -s "--replace" -a as the second part of the command. The
--replace option is not available or needed anyway with
Now logout and login again by choosing the normal Xubuntu or Xfce session if you want to run
awesome within an Xfce session.
To return to
xfwm4 as default window manager, run
xfconf-query -c xfce4-session -p /sessions/Failsafe/Client0_Command -t string -s "xfwm4" -t string -s "--replace" -a
You may need to configure the various options in
awesome by creating a personal rc file in
$HOME/.config/awesome and tweaking the various options:
cp /etc/xdg/awesome/rc.lua $HOME/.config/awesome/
You will need to set up your themes and manually tweak how windows will appear, as the normal Xfwm4 window manager settings and tweaks will obviously not work when using
The screenshot below is of
awesome running in a Xubuntu session, with the rest of Xfce still installed. If you have an Xfce panel at the top of the screen it will obscure the
awesome panel, so you will have to move it elsewhere.
For more information on
awesome and its keybindings, see
man awesome and the Ubuntu manpages online.
Note: This does not work at least as of Ubuntu 13.10. Bug report against XFCE4 opened.