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I am having trouble installing boost library completely it fails/skips several things that seem to be key for me to continue on to compiling a program with it. Here is what I get when I install boost,

gcc.compile.c++ bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi/bzip2.o
libs/iostreams/src/bzip2.cpp:20:56: fatal error: bzlib.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.

    "g++"  -ftemplate-depth-128 -O3 -finline-functions -Wno-inline -Wall -pthread -fPIC  -DBOOST_ALL_NO_LIB=1 -DBOOST_IOSTREAMS_DYN_LINK=1 -DBOOST_IOSTREAMS_USE_DEPRECATED -DNDEBUG  -I"." -c -o "bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi/bzip2.o" "libs/iostreams/src/bzip2.cpp"

...failed gcc.compile.c++ bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi/bzip2.o...
...skipped <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi>libboost_iostreams.so.1.50.0 for lack of <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi>bzip2.o...
...skipped <p/usr/local/lib>libboost_iostreams.so.1.50.0 for lack of <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/threading-multi>libboost_iostreams.so.1.50.0...
...skipped <p/usr/local/lib>libboost_iostreams.so for lack of <p/usr/local/lib>libboost_iostreams.so.1.50.0...
gcc.compile.c++ bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi/bzip2.o
libs/iostreams/src/bzip2.cpp:20:56: fatal error: bzlib.h: No such file or directory
compilation terminated.

    "g++"  -ftemplate-depth-128 -O3 -finline-functions -Wno-inline -Wall -pthread  -DBOOST_ALL_NO_LIB=1 -DBOOST_IOSTREAMS_USE_DEPRECATED -DNDEBUG  -I"." -c -o "bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi/bzip2.o" "libs/iostreams/src/bzip2.cpp"

...failed gcc.compile.c++ bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi/bzip2.o...
...skipped <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi>libboost_iostreams.a(clean) for lack of <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi>bzip2.o...
...skipped <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi>libboost_iostreams.a for lack of <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi>bzip2.o...
...skipped <p/usr/local/lib>libboost_iostreams.a for lack of <pbin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.6/release/link-static/threading-multi>libboost_iostreams.a...
...failed updating 2 targets...
...skipped 6 targets...

Ive tried re-installing zlib, and other archive tools like bzip2 but no luck.

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3 Answers 3

up vote 17 down vote accepted

You should install libboost-all-dev:

sudo apt-get install libboost-all-dev

libboost-all-devInstall libboost-all-dev

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Ah that's it, couldn't remember for name for that package. :) –  netcoder Jul 25 '12 at 17:34

Not specific to Boost, but to get the header files (e.g.: bzlib.h) for a library, you need to install the dev packages for it:

sudo apt-get install libbz2-dev

libbz2-devInstall libbz2-dev

Generally, to find in what package(s) a file is contained, use apt-file:

sudo apt-get install apt-file
apt-file update
apt-file search bzlib.h

I think there's a meta package for boost libraries though, although I don't remember the name for it.

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I have similar problems with installing boost iostream. I am installing the newest version of boost 1.56 which is not available in Ubuntu PPA repositories.

I had this error:

gcc.compile.c++ target/boost/bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.8/release/link-static/runtime-link-static/threading-multi/bzip2.o libs/iostreams/src/bzip2.cpp:20:56: fatal error: bzlib.h: No such file or directory #include "bzlib.h" // Julian Seward's "bzip.h" header.

I have solved it by placing in /usr/local/include header file http://www.opensource.apple.com/source/bzip2/bzip2-15/bzip2/bzlib.h.

However I run into other error with flags for compiler

gcc.link.dll bin.v2/libs/iostreams/build/gcc-4.8/release/threading-multi/libboost_iostreams.so.1.56.0 /usr/bin/ld: /usr/local/lib/libbz2.a(bzlib.o): relocation R_X86_64_32S against `BZ2_crc32Table' can not be used when making a shared object; recompile with -fPIC /usr/local/lib/libbz2.a: error adding symbols: Bad value

I do not know what -fPIC option is so I am stuck with this.

I tried to install libboost-iostreams-dev with

sudo apt-get install libboost-iostreams-dev

But this library version 1.53 doesn't get recognized and I get error while trying to compile other sources from https://github.com/luceneplusplus/LucenePlusPlus that depend on boost iostream with cmake and get error:

-- cotire 1.6.4 loaded.

CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake-2.8/Modules/FindBoost.cmake:1126 (message): Unable to find the requested Boost libraries.

Boost version: 1.56.0

Boost include path: /usr/local/include

The following Boost libraries could not be found:


Some (but not all) of the required Boost libraries were found. You may need to install these additional Boost libraries. Alternatively, set BOOST_LIBRARYDIR to the directory containing Boost libraries or BOOST_ROOT to the location of Boost. Call Stack (most recent call first): CMakeLists.txt:53 (find_package)

My Questions:

In order to compile luceneplusplus do I need to uninstall boost 1.56 and install all boost packages in 1.53 ?

**Or maybe there is other way to compile this boost iostream 1.56 version on Ubuntu 14.04 with on any architecture? **

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