In short Maybe. CentOS is an operating system that is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux. While Ubuntu is based on Debian.
Package will not be portable between them. However systems are almost the same, software developed for one can usually easily be compiled for the other, it just has to be compiled and packaged a little differently.
But using Alien you probably can. Alien is a program that converts
between Red Hat rpm, Debian deb, Stam‐pede slp, Slackware tgz, and
Solaris pkg file formats. If you want to use a package from another
linux distribution than the one you have installed on your system, you
can use alien to convert it to your pre‐ferred package format and
install it. It also supports LSB packages.1
To install it, you can do so from USC
1Source: Ubuntu Manuals
P.S. Alien probably will not work with everything. Make sure you test before attempting.