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MyAgenda 1.0 screenshot

My questions are:

  1. c++/gtkmm project created with NetBeans. How to make package to PPA from this?

  2. I have created target files structure (*.desktop, iconfile, ui glade files).

    Binary goes to /opt/extras.ubuntu.com/myagenda/bin/myagenda.

    There is also a folder of glade files, that must go to /opt/extras.ubuntu.com/myagenda/bin/myagenda/ui.

    Desktop file goes to /usr/share/applications/myagenda.desktop. Icon goes to /usr/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps/myagenda.svg

As you see, there is really small amount of files.

Now, how to manage all this stuff, to create package on PPA, which knows where and how put this files to their targets?

├── opt
│   └── extras.ubuntu.com
│       └── myagenda
│           ├── bin
│           │   └── myagenda
│           └── ui
│               ├── item_btn_delete.png
│               ├── item_btn_edit.png
│               ├── myagenda.png
│               ├── myagenda.svg
│               ├── reminder.png
│               └── ui.glade
└── usr
    └── share
        ├── applications
        │   └── myagenda.desktop
        └── icons
            └── hicolor
                └── scalable
                    └── apps
                        └── myagenda.svg

Update:

  1. Created install file in debian directory with targets:

    data/myagenda /opt/extras.ubuntu/com/myagenda/bin
    data/ui/* /opt/extras.ubuntu/com/myagenda/ui
    data/myagenda.desktop /usr/share/applications
    data/myagenda.svg /usr/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps
    

After dpkg-buildpackage it builds, but for amd64 architecture. Now, trying to change that to i386.

share|improve this question
    
I got as far as generating a .deb file. When it came to creating a ppa for it, I got completely lost. –  scribu Jul 8 '12 at 13:18
    
Create a file named install inside debian folder. Setup destination path like this: –  Khurshid Alam Jul 8 '12 at 14:08
1  
glade/* /opt/extras.ubuntu.com/myagenda/bin/myagenda/ui. icons/* /usr/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps. bin/myagenda /opt/extras.ubuntu.com/myagenda/bin/myagenda. Save the file.Here I am assuming "bin/agenda" is your binary folder. "icons" is your icon folder & glade files located under "glade" folder.Change the folder path accordingly.Then run debuild. It will create a deb file. Install the deb file to check everything goes to proper location. –  Khurshid Alam Jul 8 '12 at 14:20
1  
Architecture is controlled from control file located inside debian folder.Just change it to Architecture: all under package name. see this image as reference. –  Khurshid Alam Jul 8 '12 at 14:35
    
Thanks, but seems, that setting architecture in control file does nothing, if you have 64 bit OS. Still searching for solution. But at least, *.deb file is creating, installing and works all right. –  piotr Jul 8 '12 at 15:14
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1 Answer 1

up vote 6 down vote accepted

Creating PPA is very simple & at the same time somewhat complex process depending on the complexity of the package( i.e single binary, multiple binary...etc). But for simple application like your MyAgenda creating a PPA is very simple.

First install necessary packages.

sudo apt-get install build-essential devscripts ubuntu-dev-tools debhelper dh-make diff patch cdbs quilt gnupg fakeroot lintian pbuilder piuparts. Most of them are probably already installed by default.

Now setup your gpg-key & ssh-key. Follow instruction from here & here.


STEP1:Layout Of The Source Package

Now go to your application source folder.Here's your basic source package layout:

 MyAgenda-1.0/
    -- data/
          -- myagenda
          -- myagenda.desktop
          -- myagenda.svg
          --ui
             -- myagenda.glade
             -- otherfiles
    -- debian/
        -- changelog
        -- copyright
        -- compat
        -- rules
        -- control
        -- install

STEP2:Know your GPG KEY ID & Format

First run:

gpg --list-keys. It will give you output something like this:

   pub: YOURGPG-KEY
   uid: YOURUSERNAME <YOURMAIL-ID>   #note your username & email.
   sub: --------

STEP3:Create Debian Folder

To create debian folder & all other necessary files under debian folder run(use the same username & email-id from above):

DEBFULLNAME="YOURUSERNAME" dh_make -n -s -e YOUREMAIL-ID. This will help to sign the package with gpg key.

However this wont create the "install" file under debian folder. Create the file manually & save it with following data:

        data/myagenda /opt/extras.ubuntu/com/myagenda/bin
        data/ui/* /opt/extras.ubuntu/com/myagenda/ui
        data/myagenda.desktop /usr/share/applications
        data/myagenda.svg /usr/share/icons/hicolor/scalable/apps

STEP4: Update Changelog

To update changelog run:

dch -i

Here is a sample changelog:

package (version) distribution; urgency=urgency

 * change details
   more change details
 * even more change details

 -- maintainer name <email address>[two spaces]  Sun, 8 July 2012 18:14:08 +0530

Make sure the above format is preserved.When done editing press CTRL+O to write out.Remove
.dch part & overwrite changelog file.Press CTRL+X to exit.

You may want to delete extra .ex files under debian.Enter into debian folder & delete .ex & .EX files.

cd debian
rm *.ex *.EX

STEP5: Create DEB Package

Then to create deb package run:

debuild --no-tgz-check #Optional.it will not check for the source tarball.


STEP6: Upload To PPA

To upload the source package to a PPA you must run:

debuild -S

What the -S flag does is tell debuild to build a source package using another script, dpkg-buildpackage, together with fakeroot, which grants us fake root privileges while making the package. It will take the .orig.tar.gz file and produce a .diff.gz (the difference between the original tarball from the author and the directory we have created, debian/ and its contents) and a .dsc file that has the description and md5sums for the source package. The .dsc and *_source.changes (used for uploading the source package) files are signed using your GPG key.

debuild -S will create a source.changes file outside your source directory. Go to launchpad & create a PPA. Now upload the source.changes to that PPA((change the file name accordingly):

dput ppa:YOUR-LAUNCHPAD-USERNAME/myagenda myagenda-1.0-ubuntu1.changes 

DONE!


Notes:

If you want to upload package for several ubuntu versions get help from here.

Sources: Complete Packaging Guide Wiki.

share|improve this answer
    
Thanks. Lanuchpad emailed to me with "accepted". As I see, I must wait to build finish. Anyway, if it works, the ppa is: launchpad.net/~piotr-zagawa/+archive/ma –  piotr Jul 8 '12 at 16:48
    
Aghrr... launchpad build system reports stupid error "pkg-config: not found". What a stupid machine. If I can build that locally, why it does not try to upgrade its config.. –  piotr Jul 8 '12 at 16:54
    
Ok, I found that Build-Depends section in control file needs more information. Entered all required tools/libs: pkg-config (>= 0.26), libgtkmm-3.0-dev (>= 3.0), libunity-dev (>= 5.0), libnotify-dev (> 0.7) and now builds correctly. I didn't know how to update failed uploads, so created many ppa's in tests, but actual one is ppa:piotr-zagawa/ma2. Install with sudo add-apt-repository ppa:piotr-zagawa/ma2. THANKS! –  piotr Jul 8 '12 at 18:22
    
Glad to know it finally works! Also you can host your code on bazaar. From there ,you can create a recipe from it, which will give you test packages(& debs) daily or on demand.It will just append ~recipe on the version number.Perfect for any kind of testing.This may save from creating multiple PPAs. –  Khurshid Alam Jul 8 '12 at 18:33
    
To delete packages from a PPA , go to "view package details" & click on delete packages(Takes time for newly uploaded packages). Select everything & delete.Then you can upload new packages in the same ppa. –  Khurshid Alam Jul 8 '12 at 18:40
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