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I'm using Xubuntu. I've tried changing the session keyboard but it doesn't work. If I go

`Settings → Settings Manager → Keyboard → Layout (tab at top) → uncheck Use System Defaults → Delete the current keyboard / add a new one

I find that when I log back on the correct keyboard is still not working.

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3 Answers 3

up vote 15 down vote accepted

You can change the setting for default system keyboard hardware (e.g. "Generic 105-key keyboard" to "Generic 101-key keyboard") and also the system keyboard layout (e.g. "us-intl" to "us") with the command

sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration
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view this file /usr/share/console-setup/KeyboardNames.pl. In it you'll see a Perl Hash of Hashes:

  'us' => {
'Cherokee' => 'chr',
'English (Colemak)' => 'colemak',
'English (Dvorak alternative international no dead keys)' => 'dvorak-alt-intl',
'English (Dvorak international with dead keys)' => 'dvorak-intl',
'English (Dvorak)' => 'dvorak',
'English (Macintosh)' => 'mac',
'English (US, alternative international)' => 'alt-intl',
'English (US, international with dead keys)' => 'intl',
'English (US, with euro on 5)' => 'euro',
'English (classic Dvorak)' => 'dvorak-classic',
'English (international AltGr dead keys)' => 'altgr-intl',
'English (layout toggle on multiply/divide key)' => 'olpc2',
'English (left handed Dvorak)' => 'dvorak-l',
'English (programmer Dvorak)' => 'dvp',
'English (right handed Dvorak)' => 'dvorak-r',
'Russian (US, phonetic)' => 'rus',
'Serbo-Croatian (US)' => 'hbs',
  }

Let's say you want

'English (international AltGr dead keys)' => 'altgr-intl',

Instead of

'English (US, international with dead keys)' => 'intl',

Firstly, see that they all fall under us. Now edit /etc/default/keyboard and change this

XKBMODEL="pc105"
XKBLAYOUT="us"
XKBVARIANT="intl"
XKBOPTIONS=""

to

XKBMODEL="pc105"
XKBLAYOUT="us"
XKBVARIANT="altgr-intl"
XKBOPTIONS=""
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In ubuntu 14.04, Open system settings > Text Entry ( or Search for it with the Super key and type 'Text Entry' to find it)

Click the plus in the lower left

Select the language (e.g. English(Dvorak), English(Colemak), etc)

To switch between layouts, Super+Space is the default switcher. The mouse can be used to select the text entry method in the up right, shown with an abbreviation for the language.

For English, it will appear as En. For multiple English layouts a subscript appears to differentiate them. Other language key-mappings have a different abbreviation.

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