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When I plug in my 8GB Cruzer Blade 8GB (Formatted as FAT32) into my Ubuntu computer, I get a mount error. The command 'e2fsck -f /dev/sda1" gives me "Bad magic number in super-block while trying to open /dev/sda1". Using a backup superblock gives the same thing.

Problem is, it works fine on Windows.

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Use fsck.vfat for checking a FAT filesystem, not e2fsck. Use the badblocks command to scan the 'surface' of the USB stick. – jippie Jun 3 '12 at 12:36
FAT32/VFAT does not use superblocks -- those are an EXT2/3/4 feature. – izx Jun 3 '12 at 12:48

You're applying the command e2fsck, which operates on an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem, to a FAT32 filesystem. Unsurprisingly, e2fsck complains that it doesn't find a valid ext[234] filesystem.

If you want to check that filesystem, run fsck (which will determine the proper utility for the filesystem on that device) or invoke the proper utility directly (fsck.vfat).

If you still get a mount error, copy-paste the error message. Note that Linux's filesystem driver is sometimes more picky about damaged media than Windows's. If you think the stick might be damaged, copy the data off it with ddrescue Install ddrescue:

sudo ddrescue /dev/sda1 /var/tmp/sda1

You can then mount the files in the image with

sudo mount -o loop,ro,umask=022 /var/tmp/sda1 /mnt

By the way, is /dev/sda really your stick? Usually /dev/sda is the first internal disk.

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