VMware Player should give you an option to set Shared Folders to Always Enabled instead of Enabled until next power-off or suspend (which is the problem you seem to have). If you don't see such an option, just add this line to the
.vmx file for your Virtual Machine:
isolation.tools.hgfs.disable = "FALSE"
If that line already exists, set it to "FALSE".
The VMX file contains the configuration for a virtual machine. If you don't know where that is, open terminal, and type
sudo updatedb; sudo locate .vmx to get the location of the VMX file you want, and then type
gksudo gedit "path-to-vmx-file.vmx".
Alternately, instead of
open-vm-tools, try the latest official VMware Tools for Linux guests on VMWare player, available here and here.
Note that VMWare Tools now include an experimental feature to automatically rebuild modules when a new/different kernel is detected:
!!! [EXPERIMENTAL] !!!
VMware automatic kernel modules enables automatic building and installation of
VMware kernel modules at boot they are not already present. By selecting yes,
you will be enabling this experimental feature. You can always disable this
feature by re-running vmware-config-tools.pl.
Would you like to enable VMware automatic kernel modules?