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In 12.04 How do you kill the X server from the command line and from the GUI interface and how do you start it from the virtual terminal?

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If you just want to kill the X server, you can enable the Ctrl+Alt+Backspace key combinations on “Options” of keyboard layout settings. – AliNa Aug 8 '14 at 23:55

On 12.04, you can restart the server with the shortcut keys: Right Alt + Print Screen + K.

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What a strange combination!. Print??. It has no logic; and what would "(Right alt) + (Print Screen) + K" be in an Apple keyboard? I have right command and no print – Robert May 3 '12 at 22:30
1 has more info on it if you want to understand the logic behind it. printscreen is the same key as sysrq(System Request). – semi Jul 11 '12 at 23:43
@semi: "printscreen is the same key as sysrq" - not on my keyboard. sysreq is the same key as delete. – Nathan Osman May 4 '13 at 23:28
Nothing happens on my machine (fresh install of 13.10). – Andreas J. Nov 14 '13 at 1:11
In order for this to work you need to run this command once: sudo echo kernel.sysrq=1 > /etc/sysctl.d/10-magic-sysrq.conf – Naveen May 30 '15 at 11:39

One way to restart the X server is to run (from the commandline)

sudo service lightdm restart
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lightdm? I thought gdm was for GNOME, kdm for KDE, xdm for XFCE and lightdm for LXDE! and to stp it from the gUI? – Robert May 3 '12 at 22:26
lightdm is the default for 12.04, I'm not sure when it was made the default perhaps in 11.10? – labarna May 3 '12 at 23:50
restarting lightdm doesn't kill Xorg. Only an instance of it. – Jack Mayerz May 5 '13 at 0:23
lightdm starts only one instance of Xorg, so restarting lightdm should close the only open Xorg instance, unless you're doing something much more complicated. – labarna May 6 '13 at 13:05

In Ubuntu 14.04:

Press Ctrl+Alt+F1 and then run:

sudo service gdm stop


sudo service lightdm stop

... depending on your display manager.

NOTE: To recover, use startx; Alternatively replace the "stop" with "start" in either of the above commands.

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Kill : xkill -a. -a means it will kill all display instances. For more information run man xkill.

Run : xinit. Also startx but this command is to start an instance and not the server itself. For more information run man xint and man startx.

I don't believe it's possible to kill Xserver from GUI, and even if it were, it would not be the right way to do it.

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Wouldn't that kill all individual windows, which is not what the user wants? For example I don't want to kill all my firefox windows, I want to restart the visualisation. – isomorphismes Aug 23 '13 at 1:47
The user said: "kill and start the X server". That seems to be exactly what he wants. It's not about restarting gnome-shell. – Gui Ambros Jun 26 '14 at 1:16

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