How to resize partitions?

Previously, I have installed Windows 7 on my 320 GB laptop with three partitions 173, 84 and 63 GB each. The 63 GB partition was where the Windows was installed. The rest were for file containers.

Now I changed my OS to Ubuntu 12.04 LTS. I installed Ubuntu by replacing the entire Windows 7 on the 63 GB partition. The rest of the partitions remain as an NTFS Windows partition and I can still access them both (the 173 and 84 GB partitions).

Now I want to change the two partitions of Windows into an Ubuntu format partitions plus most importantly, I want to extend the 63 GB partition to more than a 100 GB because at the moment I am running out of memory. Whenever I try to install any application, especially using wine, it always complains for a shortage of memory.

How do I do the extending activity before I entirely format my laptop again and lose all the important files on my partitions?

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(Step 0:) Back up anything really valuable. This is a pretty tried and tested formula but things can go wrong. A power cut at the wrong moment could really ruin your day if you haven't backed up.

1. Boot to a LiveCD or LiveUSB drive in "try me" mode.
2. Load gparted (should be installed by default, you can apt-get it if it's not)
4. Click apply and sit back while it does the job.
5. Reboot, taking out the USB stick or CD when it tells you to.
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If you have already installed Ubuntu 12.04, then install GParted with sudo apt-get install gparted.

Launch it using Alt+F2, and typing gparted.

In order to expand the 63GB partition, you must have free space in front of or after it. So first you will have to use GParted to resize a partition above or below your 63GB partition. Refer the following figure:

When you click on resize, a window will open where you can easily drag and resize your partition. Once the free space is made available, resize your 63GB partition just like the above covering that free space.

Hope this works for you.

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Thanks man, appreciate it. –  Chance Jun 29 '12 at 19:45
You can't do it from your installed system since the partition will be in use. –  psusi Feb 11 '14 at 21:19
Good point. He will have to use Gparted from a live CD as Oli's answer suggests. –  harisibrahimkv Feb 12 '14 at 3:21
2. Burn it on CD and follow the steps to resize your partition
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You can only re-partition unmounted partitions.

I have a gParted live disc ready for things like that. You can find it here: http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php

Basic features:

GParted enables you to easily manage your disk partitions:

• Create partition tables, (e.g., msdos or gpt)
• Create, move, copy, resize, check, label, set new UUID, and delete partitions
• Enable and disable partition flags, (e.g., boot or hidden)
• Align partitions to mebibyte (MiB) or traditional cylinder boundaries
• Attempt data rescue from lost partitions

Resizing is explained in the documentation of gParted. In short (the link has some extra information and tips):

Resizing and moving a partition can be performed by a single gparted operation. To resize a partition:

• Select an unmounted partition. See the section called “Selecting a Partition”.

• Choose: Partition → Resize/Move. The application displays the Resize/Move /path-to-partition dialog.

• Adjust the size of the partition. See the section called “Specifying Partition Size and Location”.

• Specify the alignment of the partition. See the section called “Specifying Partition Alignment”.

• Click Resize/Move.

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One way that you can shrink partitions without losing data is by using GParted. A very good application, but be careful with it.

Edit: Boot from a live CD so you will be able to do the resizing. Install gparted with Ubuntu Software center, or any other way (synaptic etc) you prefer, if it isn't already installed.

It will ask you to authenticate when you run it, as it has access to things that can damage your installation badly. Realise that by altering partitions on your hard drive(s) you can potentially stop your system booting completely. As I said, be careful.

It will then search devices it can see and display the partitions on the first one (probably /dev/sda, if not try different devices from the pull down at the top right). You should be able to see that one of them contains your root (/) mount point. When you are sure you have the correct one (the size itself is a good indicator), right-click on that partition and choose Resize/Move (if it is greyed out, you might need to unmount it first (make sure you have booted off a live CD, and not your installed linux system). Reduce the size in the middle (New Size) edit box to what you want (make sure it's still large enough for your system's needs). Click on resize/move, then use the big green tick to apply the changes. If it reports success, then should be able to shutdown the live cd and reboot into your main system.

Edit2: I just googled a tutorial you might look at http://www.dedoimedo.com/computers/gparted.html

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You may want to expand this answer with more information about how to use GParted, a link to more information, or at least minimal information about how to install it and properly run it (and perhaps also what the basic precautions are). –  Eliah Kagan Jul 22 '12 at 3:06

protected by Community♦Dec 4 '14 at 4:56

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