.deb is a Debian Package which you can install in Ubuntu via Software Centre. It's native for GNU/Linux systems. On the contrary if you can lay your hands on a Windows version of Team Viewer, it can work through
wine, mostly as silver. Check the details in WineHQ applications database.
Yes, you can create a
.deb package which runs an application using WINE. Every
.deb binary package consists of at least three files:
1. debian-binary (description text file)
2. control.tar.gz (installation, post-installation and pre-removal scripts)
3. data.tar.gz (precompiled app and it's resources)
Installation scripts from control can copy any structure of files and folders from data including preconfigured WINEPREFIX, also a specific WINE version and all of it's dependencies can be embeded along with a post-installation script that creates menu shortcuts with proper environment variables.