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I would like to ask a very basic question but I have never thought about it before. Well, when someone installs an application from terminal, he has to add the repository first, right? On the other side, when someone installs an application from the Ubuntu Software Center, is the repository then added automatically?

I am asking those questions to figure out this: When I run update and then upgrade, will this application be upgraded or not? Is the result same in two options?

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4 Answers

up vote 9 down vote accepted

The only really big difference between installing things from the Software Center or another gui and doing it from the command line is when things go wrong.

In most guis,installation error messages are hidden and they just give you a general message that it didn't work. When you do it from the command line, you see all the messages that are generated. Often, this information can be used to fix the problem or it will tell you why you probably don't want to fix it. E.g. installing the package would break or uninstall other packages that are already installed.

Sometimes, a package fails to install just because one of its dependencies is not installed (and the regular install doesn't automatically fix that like most do). When this happens, you can often just install the missing package first and then your install will succeed.

Also, apt-get will inform you of other associated packages that are "recommended" along with your package, so you can look them up and see if you want any of them.

It also reports on any packages that were installed previously that are probably not needed any more and tells you how to remove them.

You shouldn't add/delete packages from either of these last two steps without carefully reviewing the packages involved, but it's usually safe.

In Ubuntu 12.04, newly installed apps get added to the launcher by default, but this only happens for apps installed using the Software Center.

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That is not really accurate, but not far off.

The Ubuntu Software Center is a set of repositories. Many, many applications are already in the repositories. To install those you do not need to add a new repository.

When one installs an application that has its own repository (virtualbox) and you want to use command line apt-get or the software center you need to have the repository added, key added and then update (apt-get update). There are also additional repositories that have large numbers of applications like playdeb which has many, many games in their repository.

After that you can install from a repository using either the GUI software center or command line apt-get install xxx

You can also install a .deb file using dpkg or other installs can be done using a binary installer or even just uncompressing the binary files.

Summary:

  • Not all applications have to be installed from a repository
  • Many thousands and applications are already in repositories pre-configured on initial install
  • You can add repositories and then use either GUI or command line to install applications from them
  • You can install programs that are not in repositories by using .deb files, binaries or compressed files
  • Applications installed from a repository will be, if possible, upgraded when you run the update and upgrade commands. One caveat is after a distribution upgrade 11.10 to 12.04 for example)... in that case you would need to re-add any repositories you have previously added.
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so in any case, when i run apt-get upgrade the application will be automatically upgraded, right? –  gabriel Apr 10 '12 at 17:06
    
if the applications was installed via a repository -- yes. If you installed it a different way no. –  cprofitt Apr 10 '12 at 17:20
    
+1 for handling the repository aspect of the question that I missed. –  Joe Oct 3 '12 at 20:26
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Repositories have to be added and enabled only once. You likely see instructions like:

Add the Stable Bumblebee Releases PPA and install Bumblebee using the proprietary NVIDIA driver:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:bumblebee/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install bumblebee bumblebee-nvidia

Adding a repository has to be done only once. In the above example, the bumblebee program is not available in the default repositories, hence you have to enable this third-party repository (using the add-apt-repository program).

The second line, apt-get update, refreshes the package lists to retrieve the latest information about the packages. If a new repository was added, this will inform the database of new packages from this repository.

The third command, apt-get install ... is equivalent to selecting a package for installation.

The Ubuntu software center allows you to install software that is available in the repositories. The result is no different as when you "manually" install packages using the apt-get install command. You will still get updates and such from the repositories.

Finally, you may encounter instructions like "download foo.deb and install it with sudo dpkg -i foo.deb". In this case, you won't receive upgrades unless the author of the package makes modifications to the system configuration (like Google Chrome).

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Ok, i understand, So when i install an app from software center means ,for example , that gimp is already in the repositories, and it is running the apt-get command.So,in the upgrade the gimp programm will be upgraded as it was installed from terminal for example,right? –  gabriel Apr 10 '12 at 16:55
    
Yes, both the apt-get command and Software Center actions will ensure that the program is upgraded when the repository announces an update. –  Lekensteyn Apr 10 '12 at 17:02
    
well thank you! –  gabriel Apr 10 '12 at 17:07
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Software center is a front-end UI of the apt tool. When you install a software from the software center, it's installed with apt. So, when you do an apt-get update and a apt-get upgrade you'll update the software you've installed from the center. Furthermore, if the software center have to add a repository automatically, i'll be also used by apt, because as I said, the software center use apt. when you install something with apt you don't always have to add a repository, if you type apt-get install vlc it'll install vlc but you haven't added a repository.

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Ok, now i saw your answer, so when i have installed an application dor example, vlc, i have to add the repository if i want to get it upgraded via apt-get upgrade, am i right?and if it is installed from center, then will it be upgraded via apt-get upgrade? –  gabriel Apr 10 '12 at 16:59
    
No, if you installed vlc by apt-get install vlc you haven't add a repository. You've just installed a software from the ubuntu repository. The same software is installed if you install it from the software center. "and if it is installed from center, then will it be upgraded via apt-get upgrade?" As I said twice, yes, it will because the center uses apt. and apt-get upgrade is what the center does when you install updates from your comptuer. apt and the center are the thing, only the UI is different. –  Bahaïka Apr 10 '12 at 17:10
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