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When I enter command


I see a list of files and directories in current directory, the list displayed is quite annoying.

Rather, I like to execute ls command with -1 option like

ls -1

My question is how to change default behavior of ls command such that it will always execute with -1 option. i.e how to display files and directories in one column with ls command.


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up vote 7 down vote accepted

One way would be by creating alias in your ~/.bashrc file:

alias l1='ls -1'

then by typing l1, ls -1 will be executed

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How do you find the ~/.bashrc file? I found the "bash" application in Computer\bin, but not a text file with the name you mention. – AlainD Nov 21 '15 at 19:40
@AlainD the .bashrc file is present in your home directory, not in /bin . The ~ expands to your home directory in bash, so the path would read something like /home/user/.bashrc – Jishnu Jan 22 at 4:46

zetah's answer is the best. To elaborate:

Aliases are best used for short, simple, often used modifications of command default parameters. They are stored in memory (after being read from their source file), for better performance or repetitive use.

Functions are appropriate for more complex activity that are often used, and are also stored in memory.

Scripts are appropriate for the most complex and least often used commands.

See this question and answers on unix stackexchange - explains the difference in best use between aliases, functions, and scripts.

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In your Home directory, open .bashrc file in editor and add alias ls='ls -1'.

First open the terminal ( Press ControlAltT), enter gedit ./.bashrc to open your .bashrc file in the editor.

Find the section that has some aliases for ls. In mine (stock 11.10) it looks like:

# some more ls aliases
alias ll='ls -alF'
alias la='ls -A'
alias l='ls -CF'

Add the following line after the ls aliases:

alias ls='ls -1'

Save the file, exit gedit and the terminal and reboot. Now the ls command should execute ls -1 by default.

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This redefines "ls" to now operate as "ls -1" by default for this user. If you'd rather use a new command, then @zetah answer covers that. – James Feb 13 '12 at 4:03
In my Home directory on uBuntu 14.04 LTS I only see a bunch of folder, and no .bashrc file. – AlainD Nov 21 '15 at 19:45

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