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Is it possible to do the following in Ubuntu? If so can someone point me in the right direction.

Say you want to set a keyboard shortcut to do the following:

For examples sake, set Alt+F to open Firefox and maximize it, but only if Firefox is not already running. If it is running and not maximized, then maximize the most recently touched Firefox window. If it is maximized, then minimize Firefox.

Thanks, Joe

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@joemangrove I'm curious to know: did either of the answers work for you? – Firefeather Nov 29 '10 at 20:39

Sounds like something AutoKey would be good for.

From the Ubuntu Software Center:

AutoKey is a desktop automation utility for Linux and X11. It allows the automation of virtually any task by responding to typed abbreviations and hotkeys. It offers a full-featured GUI that makes it highly accessible for novices, as well as a scripting interface offering the full flexibility and power of the Python language.

It can be installed by clicking here.

Screenshot of AutoKey from

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Go to: System, Settings, Keyboard Shortcuts, Add.

Chose a name and copy the following command:


make sure the url you choose has http:// or https:// in front of it, otherwise, it will be interpreted, for instance, as a path on the local file system, which is opened with Nautilus or what ever.

If you want to find other interesting commands to put in those fields for short cuts, why not get your geek on at

rev.: this answer made much simpler thanks to Roger Pate

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The command could also be xdg-open – Roger Pate Oct 29 '10 at 3:06

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